29- Important Lessons – Chapter 10 – Sunan Acts of As-Salaah
From the works of Imam Abdul-‘Aziz Bin Baz Rahimahulah Ta’ala
Presented by Sheikh Saleh As-Saleh Hafithahulah Ta’ala
Bismilah, Al-Rahman Al-Raheem. Alhamdulilahi Rab Al-‘Alameen wa salla Allahu ‘ala Muhammedan wa ‘ala aalahi wasahbihi wassalam.
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all that exists. I testify there is no true God worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammed is Allah’s true Slave and Messenger. May Allah’s salah and Salam be upon the Prophet, his pure family and his noble companions and those that follow on their path until the day of resurrection. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala make us from them. Wal-hamdulilah Rab Al-‘Alameen
Important Lessons for the Muslim Ummah – Chapter 10: Sunan of As-Salaah
What are the sunan of salaah?
First we need to define the meaning of the sunan of salaah. Sunan of salaah refers to those actions which the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam did in his salaah but they are not obligatory upon the person to do, but rather it is a Sunnah. So if a person does not do them deliberately or due to forgetfulness then there is no sin upon him.
1) Du’aa Al-Istiftah – the Opening Du’a. There are different opening du’aa that came in the sunnah. They are discussed in detailed in the section entitled As-Salat Described on the understand-islam.net site.
2) Putting the right hand over the left hand on the chest while standing – this is from the Sunnah.
3) Raising the hands and fingers neither spaced apart nor tight together and putting them to the level of one’s shoulders or raising them to the top of the ears. This is for:
- Takbeer Al-Awal – the first takbeer.
- Upon ruku’.
- Upon lifting or standing upright from ruku’.
- From standing upon the first Tashahhud in order to do the 3rd rak’aa.
4) Whatever exceeds one Tasbeeh in ruku’ and sujuud. The obligation is to say the particular Tasbeeh (Subhana Rabbi Al’-‘Atheem for ruku’ or Subhana Rabbi Al-A’la for the sujuud) once. So whatever exceeds the first Tasbeeh is Sunnah.
5) Whatever exceeds the saying of Rabbi Aghfirli, between the 2 prostrations, one time is Sunnah.
For example, if you say Rabbi Aghfirli twice then the second one is Sunnah.
6) Leveling the head and back during ruku’. From the Sunnah is spreading one’s back and making it level with the head, not raising the head nor lowering it and having the sight fixed toward the ground.
7) Raising one’s forearms above the ground and keeping them to his side such that the whiteness of one’s arm pits would be seen from behind and also the abdomen being away from the thighs during sujuud.
8) Iftirash – Laying the left foot along the ground while sitting on it relaxed and having the right foot upright toward the direction of the Qiblah while in the first tashahhud and between the 2 prostrations
9) Tawaruk – to be done in the last Tashahhud. The tawarak has different methods. One way is for one to have his left foot under his right thigh and shin while his right foot is directed upright with the buttocks on the ground.
10) Making sallah and blessings upon the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam and his household, upon Ibrahim and his household.
11) The du’a in the last Tashahhud
12) Looking at the index finger while pointing in julus – the sitting position for the Tashahhud.
13) Putting the end of the arms upon the thighs during Tashahhud and in the julus between the 2 prostrations. This is based on the hadith of Wa’il Bin Hajer radi Allahu ta’ala ‘anhu.
14) To make abundant du’a in sujuud because of the hadith of Abu Hurreira and Ibn ‘Abbas radi Allahu ta’ala ‘anhuma collected in Sahih Muslim.
15) Placing the palms on the knees with fingers spaced out as if grabbing the knees. This is based on the hadith of Abu Humaid Bin Sa’di radi Allahu Ta’ala ‘anhu.
16) Pointing the fingers, the front of the toes toward the Qiblah during sujuud. This is based on the hadith of Abu Humaid Bin Sa’di.
17) Putting one’s fingers together during sujuud. This is based on the hadith of Wa’il Bin Hajer radi Allahu Ta’ala ‘anhu.
18) Placing one’s palms level with the shoulders and sometimes with the ears during sujuud. This is based on hadiths of Abu Humaid, Wa’il Bin Hajer and Al-Bara’.
19) Keeping the elbows away from one’s side during ruku’. This is due to the hadith of Abu Humaid Bin Sa’di radi Allahu Ta’ala ‘anhu.
20) To have loud recitation in Sallat Al-Fajr, and in the first 2 rak’aa of Sallat Al-Maghrib and ‘Isha’.
21) To have secret recitation in Zuhr and ‘Asr, in the 3rd rak’aa of Maghrib and the last 2 of ‘Ishaa’.
Imam Ibn Qudamah rahimahulah Ta’ala said: loud recitation in places of loud recitation and secret recitation in places of secret recitation is agreed upon that it is recommended and the Muslims did not differ as to its places and the principle in that is the action of the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam. This has been affirmed from the salaf (Reported in Al-Mughni, Volume 2, page 270).
22) Reciting more than the Fatiha from the Qur’an.
Imam Ibn Qudamah radhimahulah said: reciting the surah after the Fatiha is Sunnah in the 2 rak’aa of each sallah. We have no knowledge of the agreement regarding this. (Reported in Al-Mughni, Volume 2, page 272).
There are other Sunnah’s with ikhtilaaf but these are most of them.
Taken from Understand-islam.net