The Belief In The Last Day

Explaining the fundamentals of faith The Belief In The Last Day Shaikh – Mohammed Saleh Alothaimeen

The Belief In The Last Day

 

The Last day is the Day of Resurrection on which people will be resurrected to receive recompense and reckoning . It is named as such because there is no day after it. On this Day the people Al-Jannah will settle in their dwellings, and the people of An-Naar (Hell) will reside in there.

 

The Belief in The Last Day Comprises Three Matters:

First: The belief in Resurrection, Which means giving life to the dead on the Day when the second Trumpet will be blown and mankind will stand before the Rabb of Al-Alameen ( mankind , jinns, and all the exists) They will stand bear-footed , completely naked , and uncircumcised . Allaah تعالى  said:

 

( كما بدأنا أول خلق نعيده و عدا علينا إنا كنا فاعلين) ( الأنبياء، 104)

 

As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it , ( it is) a promise binding upon us. Truly We shall do it. ( Qura’an 21:104)

 

Al-Ba’th (Resurrection) is affirmed truth proven by the Qura’an , Sunah,and Ijma’a ( unanimous agreement) of the Muslims. Allaah تعالى  said:

 

( ثم إنكم بعد ذلك لميتون * ثم إنكم يوم القيامة تبعثون) ( المؤمنون ،15)

 

After that, surely, you will die. Then (again), surely you will be resurrected on the day of Resurrection (Qura’an 23:15-16)

 

The prophet Mohammed said:

 

( يحشر الناس يوم القيامة حفاة عراة غرلا) ” متفق عليه”

 

“ People will be gathered on the Day of Resurrection bare-footed , naked and uncircumcised.”62

 

The Muslims unanimously agree on the affirmation of the Day of the Rsurrection and this is what the wisdom necessarily implies: Allaah makes for His creation a Ma’aad (  place of return) in order to recompense them on the obligation He charged them with on the tongue of His Messenger. Allaah تعالى said:

 

( أفحسبتم إنما خلقناكم عبثا و إنكم إلينا لا ترجعون) ( المؤمنون،115)

 

Do you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose) and that you would not be brought back to US? ( Qura’an 23:115)

 

He told His prophet Mohammed:

 

( إن الذى فرض عليك القرآن لرادك إلى معاد)( القصص ، 85)

 

Veirly, He Who has given you ( O Mohammed ) the Qura’an63 will surely  bring you back to Ma’ad ( place to return , either to Makkah or to Al-Hannah ,etc) ( Qura’an 28:85)

 

Second: the belief in recompense and reckoning. The ‘abd will be reckoned with and recompensed for his deeds . This is proven by the Qura’an , Suaah and Ijmah’a of the Muslims . Allaah تعالى  said

( إن إلينا إيابهم * ثم إن علينا حسابهم) ( الغاشية ، 25-26)

 

 

Verily, to Us will be their return and for Us will be their reckoning .( Qura’an 88:25-26)

 

Also He said:

 

( من جاء بالحسنة فله عشر أمثالها و من جاء بالسئية فلا يجزى إلا مثلها و هم لا يظلمون) ( الأنعام ،160)

 

Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof to his credit, and whoever brings an evil deeds shall have only the recompense of the like thereof, and shall not be wronged. ( Qura’an 6:160)

 

( و نضع الموازين القسط ليوم القيامة فلا تظلم نفس شيئا و إن كان مثقال حبة من خردل أتينا بها و كفى بنا حاسبين) ( الأنبياء، 74)

 

And We shall set up the balances of Justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be weight of mustard seed, we will bring it. And sufficient are we as Beckoners. ( Qura’an :21-47)

 

Ibn Omar reported that the prophet Mohammed said:

 

” إن الله يدنى المؤمن فيضع عليه كنفه و يستره فيقول أتعرف ذنب كذا فيقول نعم أى رب حتى إذا قرره بذنوبه و رأى فى نفسه أنه هلك قال سترتها عليك فى الدنيا و أنا أغفرها لك اليوم فيعطى كتاب حسناته و أما الكافر و المنافقون فيقول الأشهاد ( هؤلاء الذين كذبوا على ربهم الأ لعنة الله على الظالمين”.

 

Allaah will bring a believer near Him and shelter Him with Kanafahu64 and ask him : “ Did you commit such and such sins? He will say : “ Yes, my Rabb.” Allaah will keep in asking him till He makes him confess all his sins and will think that he ruined . Allaah will then say : “ I did screen your sins in the world and forgive them for you today”. And then he will given his book (record) of his good deeds. Regarding the disbelievers and hypocrites (their evil acts will be exposed publicly) ‘ And the witnesses will say :” These the ones who lied against their Rabb . No doubt! The Curse of Allaah is on the Ath-Thaalimeen ( polytheists, oppressors and wrong-doers etc..)65 ( Qura’an 11:18)

 

It has been authentically reported from the prophet Mohammed that he narrated about his Rabb:

 

 

صح عن النبى صلى الله عليه و سلم فيما يروى عن ربه عز وجل قال إن الله كتب الحسنات و السيئات ثم بين ذلك فمن هم بحسنة فلم يعملها كتبها الله له عنده كاملة فإن هو هم هم بها فعملها كتب الله لعه عنده عشرة  حسنات إلى سبع مائة ضعف إلى أضعاف كثيرة و من هم بسئية فلم يعملها كتبها الله عنده حسنة كاملة فإن هو هم بها فعملها كتبها الله له سيئة واحدة *

“ Allaah ordered (the appointed angles over you) that tha good and bad deeds be written, and He then showed ( the way) how ( to write). If somebody intends to do a good deed and he doesn’t do it , then Allaah will write for him a full good deed ( in his account with Him) ; and if he intends to do a good deed and he actually does it , then Allaah will write ( in his account) with Him ( its reward equal) from ten to seven hundred times to many more times ; and if somebody intends to do bad deed and he doesn’t do it , then Allaah will write a full good deed ( in his account) with Him ; and if somebody intends to do bad deed and actually did it , then Allaah will write one bad deed ( in his account)66

 

The Muslims are in agreement in affirming the reckoning and recompnse , and this what the wisdom necessarily implies. Indeed Allaah تعالى  brought down the Books , send the Messengers and made it incumbent upon the Ibaad ( creation) to accept ( the Messages) they brought forth and to act according what is obligatory therein; and made it dutiful to fight those who oppose it , and that their blood , offspring , women and property are lawful . Had there been no reckoning and recompense, these matters would have been in vain! Far is Allaah , the All-Wise , removes from such ( imperfection) . He تعالى  pointed to the this affirmation ( of reckoning and recompense) in His saying:

 

( فلنسألن الذين ارسل إليهم و لنسألن المرسلين * فلنقصن عليهم بعلم و ما كنا غائبين) ( الأعراف،7-8)

 

Then surely, We shall question those (people) to whom it (the Qura’an) and verily, We shall question the Messengers. Then surely We shall narrate unto them (their whole story) with knowledge, and indeed We were not absent. ( Qura’an 7:7-8)

 

Third: The belief in Al-Jannah and An-Naar ( hell) Fire) and that they are the final and everlasting abode for creation.

 

Al-Jannah is abode of delight which Allaahتعالى has prepared for the pious believers who believed in what Allaah has ordained upon them and who obey Allaah and His Messengers, sincerely believing in Him and ( truly) following His Messengers. ( Allaah has prepared ) in it ( Al-Jannah) from (all) kinds of bliss which “ no eye had ever seen , no ear had ever heard , and nobody has ever even imagined.” Allaah تعالى  said:

 

( إن الذين آمنوا و عملوا الصالحات أولئك هم خير البرية * جزاؤهم عند ربهم جنات عدن تجرى من تحتها الأنهار خالدين فيها أبدا رضى الله عنهم و رضوا عنه ذلك لمن خشى ربه ) ( البينة 7-8)

 

Verily, those who believe67 and do righteous good deeds , they are the best of creatures . Their reward with their Rabb is Gardens of Eternity (‘and: Paradise)68 underneath which rivers flow , they will abide therein forever , Allaah will –pleased with them , and they with Him . That is for him who fears his Rabb.( Qura’an 98:7-8)

 

He also said:

 

( فلا تعلم نفس ما أخفى لهم من قرة أعين جزاء بما كانوا يعملون ) ( السجدة ،17)

 

No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joys as reward for what they used to do. ( Qura’an 32:17)

 

As regard to An-Naar , it is the abode of torment which Allaah has prepared for the Al-Kafareen Ath-Thaalimeen ( polytheists , wrong doers etc.) who disbelieved in Him and disobeyed His Messengers. In it there are kinds of torment and punishment that cannot be imagined. Allaah تعالى said:

 

( و إتقوا النار التى أعدت للكافرين) ( آل عمران ،131)

 

And fear the fire, which has been prepared for the disbelievers. ( Qura’an 3:31)

 

( و إنا أعتدنا للظالمين نارا أحاط بهم سرادقها و إن يستغيثوا يغاثوا بماء كالمهل يشوى الوجوه بئس لبشراب و ساءت مرتفقا) ( الكهف، 29)

 

We have prepared for the Thaalimeen (disbelievers, wrong-doers) a fire whose wall be surrounded them . And if they ask for help they will be granted water like boiling oil , that will scald their faces. Terrible the drink , and an evil Murtafaqa ( dwelling , resting place etc.)

 

( إن الله لعن الكافرين و أعد لهم سعيرا * خالدين فيها أبدا لا يجدون وليا و لا نصيرا * يوم تقلب وجوهم فى النار يقولون ياليتنا أطعنا الله و أطعنا الرسول) ( الأحزاب ، 64-66)

 

Allaah has cursed the disbelievers and has prepared for them a flaming fire (Hell). Wherein they will abide forever, and will find neither a protector nor a helper. On the day their faces will be turned over in the fire, they will say : “ Oh , would that we had obeyed Allaah and obeyed the Messenger ( Mohammed) “ ( Qura’an 33:64)

 

 

Part of the Belief in The Hereafter Is The Belief in What occurs After Death, like:

  1. Fitnatul Qabr ( The Affliction of The Grave) which is the questioning ( by two angles) of the dead person ( in his grave) about his Rabb , his Deen , his prophet. Allaah will keep firm those who believed with the word that  stands firm. He ( the believer) will say:” My Rabb is Allaah and my Deen is Islaam and my prophet is Mohammed. As to the Thalimeen , Allaah will led them astray and the kaafir will say:”Hah! Hah , I don’t Know.” The hypocrite ( or doubtful person)69 will say :” I don’t know , I heard the people say something and so I said it. (the same)
  2. The Torment and Delight of the Grave: The torment will inflicted upon the Thalameen from the disbelievers and hypocrites. Allaah تعالى said:

 

( و لو ترى إذ الظالمون فى غمرات الموت و الملائكة باسطوا أيديهم أخرجوا أنفسكم اليوم تجزون عذاب الهون بما كنتم تقولون على الله غير الحق و كنتم عن آياته تستكبرون) ( الأنعام ،93)

 

And if you could but see when the Thamlimeen are in the agonies of death , while the angles extending forth their hands(saying) : “ Deliver your souls! This you shall be recompensed with the torment of degradation because of what you used to utter against Allaah other than the truth. And you used to reject His Ayaat ( proofs , evidence , verses , lessons, signs , revelations, etc,) with disrespect. ( Qura’an 6:93)

 

And Also the Statement of Allaah about folk of the Pharaoh:

 

( النار يعرضون عليها عليها غدوا و عشيا و يوم تقوم الساعة أدخلوا آل فرعون أشد العذاب) ( غافر، 46)

 

The Fire , they are exposed to it morning and afternoon , and on the Day when the Hour will be established ( it will be said to the angles) :” Cast the Pharaoh’s folk into the severest torment.” ( Qura’an 40-46)

 

In the hadeeth narrated by Zayed bin Thaabit , the prophet Mohammed said:

 

قال النبى صلى الله عليه و سلم ” فلولا أن تدافنوا لدعوت الله أن يسمهعكم من عذاب القبر الذى أسمع منه ما ثم أقبل علينا بوجهه فقال تعوذوا  بالله من عذاب النار  قالوا نعوذ بالله من عذاب النار فقال تعوذوا من عذاب القبر قالوا نعوذ بالله من عذاب القبر قال تعوذوا من الفتن ما ظهر منها و ما بطن قالوا نعوذ بالله من الفتن ما ظهر منها و ما بطن قال تعوذوا بالله من فتنة الدجال فقالوا نعوذوا بالله من فتنة الدجال.” – رواه مسلم

 

“ If it were not the reason that you would stop burying ( your dead) in the graves on listening to the torment in the grave which I’m listening to, I would have certainly made you hear that. Then turning hid face to us70 he said:’ Seek refuge with Allaah from the torment of Hell .’ they said We seek refuge with Allaah from the torment of the Hell . He said: ‘ Seek refuge with Allaah from the torment of the grave’. ‘ They said” We seek refuge in Allaah from the torment of the grave.” He said” Seek refuge in Allaah from the trial , its manifested and hidden( aspects) , and they said “ We seek refuge in Allaah from the trails and its manifested and hidden (aspects) , and he said:” Seek refuge in Allaah from the affliction of the Dajjaal (pseudo-Christ)71 , and they said : We seek refuge in Allah from the affliction of the Dajjal.”

The Bliss of the garve is exclusive to the true believers.

 

Allaah تعالى  said:

 

( إن الذين قالوا ربنا الله ثم إستقاموا تتنزل عليهم الملائكة ألا تخافوا و لا تحزنوا و أبشروا بالجنة التى كنتم توعدون) ( فصلت ، 30)

 

Verily, those who say:” Our Rabb is Allaah ( Alone) , and then they Istaqaamu72 , on them the angles will descend ( at the time of their death) ( saying) :” Fear not , nor grieve , but receive the glad tiding of Al-Jannah which you have been promised. ( Qura’an 41:30)

 

He تعالى also said:

( فلولا إذا بلغت الحلقوم * و أنتم حينئذ تنظرون * و نحن أقرب إليه منكم و لكن لا تبصرون * فلولا لإن كنتم غير مدينين * ترجعونها إن كنتم صادقين * فأما إن كان من المقربين * فروح و ريحان و جنة نعيم ) ( الواقعة ، 83-89) إلى آخر الصورة.

 

Then why do you want ( intervene ) when ( the soul of a dying person) reaches the throat? And you at the moment are looking on, but We (i.e Our angles who take the soul) are nearer to him than you , but you see not. Then why do you not , – if you are excempt from the reckoning and recompense ( punishment , etc.) bring back the soul ( to its body) , if you are truthful? Then , if he ( the dying person) be of those brought near to Allaah , ( there is for him) rest and provision and a Garden of delight ( Paradise). Qura’an 56: 83-89) Till the end of some Soorah)

 

Al-Baraa’ bin ‘Azib reported that the prophet Mohammed indicated ( that) upon the believers’ answer to the questions raised by the two angles is in the grave:

 

 

عن الراء بن عازب أن النبى صلى الله عليه و سلم قال فى المؤمن إذا أجاب الملكين فى قبره :” فينادى مناد فى السماء أن صدق عبدى فأفرشوه من الجنة و البسوه من الجنة و أفتحوا له بابا إلى الجنة فيأتيه من روحها و طيبها و يفسح له فى قبره مد بصره ”

 

“ A voice is heard in the Heavens, saying:’ My ‘abd has told the truth . so cloth him in the clothing of Al-Jannah , spread for him the furnishing of Al-Jannah , and open for him a door to Al-Janaah.’ Thereupon, he is engulfed by the a breeze of its scent and fragrance , while the expanded  of his grave is extended before him as far as the eye can see.73

 

 

The Belief in The Last day Has many Benefits, Including:

 

 

First: Awakening the desire to perform acts of obedience , striving to accomplish them in the hope of gaining the reward of the Last Day.

Second: Arousing the fear from committing acts of disobedience and accepting them , fearing the punishment of the last Day.

Third: Comforting the believer over matters of this world that may escape him , by that which he hopes for from the delight and reward of the Hereafter.

 

The Kuffar denied the Resurrection after death claiming that it is impossible. Such a claim is false and its invalidity is proven by As-Shara’ah , Al-Hiss, and Reasoning.

The Proof from Ash-Shara’ah : in fact Allah تعالى said:

 

( زعم الذين كفروا أن لن يبعثوا قل بلى وربى لتبعثن ثم لتنبؤن بما عملتم و ذلك على الله يسير) ( التغابن، 7)

 

The Disbelivers pretend that they will never be resurrected ( for the account) .Say (O Mohammed) :” yes ! by My Robb , you will be resurrected , then you will be informed of ( and recompensed for) what you did , and that is easy for Allaah. ( Qura’an 64:7)

 

All of the scriptures are in agreement regarding this matter.

 

The proof from Al-Hiss: Allaah had shown His creation the raising of the dead in this life . In Soorat Al-Baqarah there are five examples on this.

 

The first example is with the people of Musa when they told him :

( لن نؤمن لك حتى نرى الله جهرة)

We shall not believe on you till we see Allaah plainly.

 

Allaah caused them to die then brought them back to life. About this matter Allaah تعالى addressed Banee Israa’eel ( children of Israel) saying:

 

( و إذ قلتم يا موسى لن نؤمن لك حتى نرى الله جهرة فأخذتكم الصاعقة و أنتم تنظرون * ثم بعثناكم من بعد موتكم لعلكم تشكرون) ( البقرة ،55-56)

 

And ( remember ) when you said :” O Musa ! we shall never believe in you till we see Allaah plainly”. But you were seized with a thunder-bolt ( lighting) while you looking. Then We praised you up after your death , so that you might be grateful.( Qura’an 2:55-56)

 

The Second Example lies in the story of the person whom Banee Israa’eel accused each other of murdering . Allaah تعالى  ordered them to slaughter a cow then to strike him( the slewed man ) with a part of it ( in order that Allaah might bring him back to life momentarily) thereby revealing his killer.74 Allaah تعالى said regarding this:

 

( و إذا قتلتم نفسا فادارتم فيها و الله مخرج ما كنتم تكتمون * فقلنا أضربوه ببعضها كذلك يحى الله الموتى و يريكم آياته لعلكم تعقلون ) ( البقرة ،73)

 

And ( remember) when you killed a man and fell into dispute among yourselves as to the crime. But Allaah broght And ( remember ) when you killed a man and fell into dispute among youselves as to the crime. But Allaah brought forth that which you were hiding . So We said : “ strike him ( the dead man) with a piece of it ( the cow).”) Thus Allaah brings the dead to life and shows you His Ayaat so that you my understand. ( Qur’an 2:73)

 

The Third example is about the story of the people who fled their homes in thousands fearing death. Allaah made them die, then He brought them bck to life . He تعالى said:

 

( ألم تر إلى الذين خرجوا من ديارهم و هم ألوف حذر الموت فقال لهم الله موتوا ثم أحياهم إن الله لذو فضل على الناس و لكن أكثر الناس لا يشكرون) ( البقرة،243)

Did you O Mohammed nit think of those who went forth fom their homes in thusnds , fearing death ? Allaah said to them “Die” . And then He retored them to life, Truly , Allaah is full of Bounty to mankind , but most men thank not.” ( Qura’an2:243).

 

The Fourth example is that of the person who after passing by the ruins of town thought that it is impossible to bring it to life. Allaah تعالى says:

 

( أو كالذى مر على قرية و هى  خاوية على عروشها قال إنى يحى هذه الله بعد موتها فأناته الله مائة عام ثم بعثه قال كم لبثت يوما أو بعض يوم قال بل لبثت مائة عام فأنظر إلى طعامك و شرابك لم يتسنه و انظر إلى حمارك و لنجعلك آية للناس و أنظر إلى العظام كيف ننشذها ثم نكسزها لحما فلما تبن له قال أعلم أن الله على كل شىء قدير) ( البقرة ، 259)

 

 

Or like the one who passed by a town and it had tumbled never its roofs. He said :” Oh!How will Allaah ever bring it to life after its death ?”So Allah caused him to die for it to life after its death”? So Allaah caused him to die for a hundred years, then bought him back to life .  He said “ How long did you remain (dead)?” (The man) said: Perhaps I remained a day or a portion of day.” He said: “ Nay, you have remained for one hundred years Just look at your food and drink, they show no change. And look t your donkey! And thus We have made of you a sign for the people. Look at the bones, how We bring them together and clothes them with flesh.” When this mtter becme clear to hi , he said:” I know ( now) that Allaah is able to do ll things.”( Qura’an 2:259)

 

The Fifth example is the story of Ibrheem Al-Khleel[75] when he asked Allaah to show him He raises the dead? Allaah تعالى ordered him to slaughter four birds then to put portion of them on every hill around him. He then ordered him to call upon the birds nd see how their parts will rejoin and how they will come to him ( flying) with speed. Allaah says about this:

 

( و إذ قال إبراهيم رب ارنى كيف تحى اموتى قال أولم تؤمن قال بلى و لكن ليطمئن قلبى قال فخذ أربعو من الطير فصرهن إليك ثم أجعل على كل جبل منهن جزءا ثم أدعهن يأتينك سعيا و أعلم أن الله عزيز حكيم) ( البقرة ، 260)

 

And ( remember ) when Ibraheem said,” My Robb ! show how You give life to dead?” He ( Allaah) said:” Do you not believe?” He (Ibraheem) said:”Yes, ( I believe) , but to be stronger in faith .” He said”: take your birds , then tame them to you ( then slaughter them , cut them into pieces) , and then put a portion of them on every hill, and call them , they will come to you in haste. And know that Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” ( Qura’an 2:260)

 

 

The above are real examples that took place nd which are evidence on the possible rising of the dead. It has been denoted earlier that giving life to the dead and raising them from their graves by the will of Allaah are some of the Ayaat that were given to Eesaa bim Mariam.

 

The Rationalistic Evidence Has two Aspects:

 

First : Allah تعالى  is the one Who originated the creation of the Heavens and the earth. Being Able to originate the process of creation, He is not incapable of repeating it ( after it has been perished) . Allaah تعالى said :

 

( و هو الذى يبدأ الخلق ثم يعيده و هو أهون عليه ) ( الروم ،27)

 

And He is Who originated the creation , then will repeat it ( after it has been perished ) , and is easier for Him.( Qura’an 30:27)

 

 

( كما بدأنا أول خلق نعيده وعدا علينا إنا كنا فاعلين) ( الأنبياء،104)

 

As We began the first creation , We shall repeat it: a promise We have undertaken. Truly We shall do it. ( Qura’an 21:104)

 

In response to those who denied giving life to rotten and decomposed bones, Allaah ordered ( the prophet Mohammed.:

 

( قل يحييها الذى أنشأها أول مرة و هو بكل خلق عليم ( يسن ،79)

 

Say ( O Mohammed ) “ He will give life to them Who created them for the first time! And He is the All-knower of every creation!.” ( Qura’an 36:79)

 

Second: The earth may be barren and life ness without a single green tree in it. Then rain pours down on it and it stirs (to life) and becomes green and filled with life, it puts forth every lovely kind of growth. The one Whose Able to bring life to it after it was dead, is also Able to give life to the dead. Allaah تعالى said :

 

( ومن آياته إنك ترى الأرض خاشعة فإذا أنزلنا عليها الماء إهتزت و ربت إن الذى أحياها لمحى الموتى إنه على كل شىء قدير) ( فصلت، 39)

 

And among His signs ( is this) , that you see the earth barren , but when we send water thereon , it is According to Ash-Shara’ah the text affirming the torment of the grave proceeded under part (B) entitled “ Part of the Belief in The Hereafter is The Belief in what Occurs After Death”.

 

In Saheeh Al-Bukharee and by the way of the hadeeth narrated by Ibn Abbas , he said:

 

عن إبن عباس – رضى الله عنهما – قال خرج النبى صلى الله عليه و سلم من بعض حيطان المدينة فسمع صوت إنسانين يعذبان فى قبورهما فقال يعذبان و ما يعذبان فى كبير و إنه لكبير كان أحدهما لا يستتر من البول – و فى رواية من ( بوله) و كان الآخر يمشى بالنميمة – الحديث.

 

Once the prophet Mohammed passed through one of the graveyards of Madeenah and heard the voices of two human who were being tortured in their graves. The prophet said:” They are being punished, not because of a major sin, yet their sins are great One of them used not of shield himself from (being soiled) with urine77, and the other used to go about with Nameemah78,79.

 

The evidence of Al-Hiss is that is the person sees while his sleep that he was in a wide and beautiful place enjoying himself therein, or that he was in a narrow and eerie place suffering from it, Sometimes he may get up because of what he saw, ye he is still in his bed and in his room as he was before. Sleep is like death and that is why Allaah تعالى called it Wafaat . He said:

 

 

( الله يتوفى الأنفس حين موتها و التى لم تمت فى منامها فيمسك التى قضى عليها الموت و يرسل الأخرى  إلى أجل مسمى) ( الومر، 42)

 

It is Allaah Who Yatawafaa (takes away) the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. ( Qura’an 39:42)

 

According to the Reasoning, the person in his sleep sees a true dream that is actually identical to reality. He may even see the prophet Mohammed in his true shape, and whoever sees him in his true shape then indeed he has truly seen him. Nevertheless, the sleeping person is still in his room far away from what he has seen . Thus if this is possible in matters of his life, will it not then be possible in the matters of the Hereafter?

 

The reliance or their claim that “ if the deed in his grave is uncovered he would be found in the same condition that he upon ( right before his burial) , and what that neither a change in the wideness nor narrowness of the grave took place”, may be answered in may including :

 

First: It is impossible to oppose what As-Shara’ah brought forth( ;i.e from the news and evidence) by such refutable doubts, if the one who bases his opposition on such doubts would give good thought to what is brought forth by Ash-Shara’ah , he would come to recognize the invalidity of these doubts. It is said (in a poem) that:

 

و كم من عائب قولا صحيحا                                   و آفته من الفهم السقيم

 

 

Many are those who blame

A sound saying of being faulty-

While the defect ( of each one of them) is in his faulty

Understanding?

 

 

 

Second: The condition in Barzach80 are matters of Al-Ghyaib which can not be comprehended by Al-Hiss , if they were comprehensible by the sense , than the benefits of believing in Al-Ghyaib would be equally the same as those who deny attesting to its truth.

 

Third: The torment and delight , and wideness and narrowness of the grave are comprehended only by the dead person and none else. This is the same as the situation in which the person sees himself while in his sleep in a narrow and weird place or in a wide and beautiful one. With respect to other , his place during his sleep did not change. He is still in his room between his bed and his cover. In fact the prophet Mohammed used to be under inispration ( by Al-Wahey) while being among his companions : he heard the revelation while his companions did not . At times the angle ( Jibreel) used to take the form of a man who speaks to the prophet Mohammed and the Sahabaah neither see nor hear him.

 

Fourth: The creation’s capacity of comprehension is limited to what Allaah تعالى enables them to comprehend– It is impossible for them to comprehend every existing things . The seven Heavens and the earth and all that is therein , and there is not a thing but make Tasbeeh bi hamdulilah : involved in declaring all praises is due to Allaah ( being) far removed every imperfection or defect. This Tasbeeh is true and real and sometimes Allaah تعالى may let whom He wills from his creation hear it. Yes, it is still concealed from us. About this Allaah تعالى said:

 

( تسبح له السموات السبع و الأرض و من فيهن و إن من شىء إلا يسبح بحمده و لكن لا تفقهون تسبيحهم ) ( الإسراء ،44)

 

 

The seven Heavens and the earth and all that therein make Tasbeeh of Him and there is not a thing but makes Tasbeeh bihamdhi but you don’t understand their Tasbeeh. ( Qura’an 17:44)

 

In this matter , the Shayaateen and Jinn move across the earth back and forth and ( a company of) the Jinn came to Allaah’s Messenger Mohammed , listened in silence to his recitation of the Qura’an and when it was finished , they returned to their people , as Warner . Still , however , they are concealed from us. About this Allaah تعالى  said :

 

( يا بنى آدم لا يفتننكم الشيطان كما أخرج أبويكم من الجنة ينزع عنهما لباسهما ليريهما سوءتهما إنه يراكم و قبيله من حيث لا ترونهم إنا جهلنا للشياطين أولياء للذين لا يؤمنون) ( الأعراف ،27)

 

O Children of Adam! Let not the Shaytaan deceive you, as he got your parents (Adam and Eve) out of Al-Janaah , stripping them of their raiment , to show them their private parts . Verily, , he and Qbbeeluhu ( his soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see you from where you can not see them. Verily  , We made them the devils ‘awliyaa’ ( protectors and helpers) for those who believe not . ( Qura’an 7:27)

 

And since creation cannot comprehended every existing thing then it is impossible for them to deny what has been affirmed from the matters of Al-Ghyb when they are unaware of it.

 


62 Collected by Al-Bukharee , Muslim, Ahmed , At-Turmithee and others. The text is that of Muslim . See Sahee Muslim, V.4 , Hadeeth # 6844

63 Allaah ordered the prophet Mohammed to act on it and to preach it to others

64 Kanafahu: Allaah’s sitr : His Screen

65 An agreed upon hadeeth. See Saheeh Al-Bukharee , V.3 , Hadeeth #621

66 Reported by Al-Bukhary , Muslim , Ahmed and others . See Saheeh Al-Bukharee, V.8, Hadeeth #498

67 In the Tawheed of Allaah , and in His Messengers Mohammed

68 Paradise : The middle and highest part of Al-Jannah .Above it is the ‘Arsh of Ar-Rahman ( Allaah : Whose Mercy encompasses every thing). See At-Tabaree’s and Al-Qurtabee’s Tafseer, Ayah 72 of Saorat At-Tawbah (no.9) {TN}

69 This is part of authentic hadeeth collected by Al-Bukharee , and Muslim. The statement “or the doubtful person” is from the subnarrator who was not sure which person Asmaa used in her narration: “the hypocrite or the doubtful person”. See Saheeh Al-Bukharee , V.1, Hadeeth #86. The Hadeeth of Al-Baraa bin ‘ Aazib contains a detailed description of the trial of the grave. See the book “Death” by Al-Shaikh Alee Hassan Abdul Hameed.English translation By Dawood Burbank ,PP,12-15 , published by Al-Hidaayiah – London

70 The prophet Mohammed was with some of his companions when he passed by the graves of some of the Kuffar and said that, “ These people are passing through the ordeal in the graves “ and completed his statement regarding the torment of the graves as in the text above.{TN}

71 An Authentic narration describing the trail of adDajjal is described in Saheeh Muslim , V.4 ,pp1515-15

72 : Stood straight , i.e they believed in Tawheed and performed all that was ordained by Allaah ( god deeds) and abstained from all that He has forbidden ( sins and evil deed)

73 The hadeeth of Al-Bara’a bin Azib is lengthy one and it is reported by Immam Ahmed and Abu Dawood. See F.N# 70

74 This was a lesson for the children of Israel and all of mankind that Allaah is capable of giving life to the dead in this life as well as resurrecting on the Day of the Resurrection.{T.N}

75 Ibrheem Al-Khaleel is prophet Ibraheem whom , like prophet Mohammed . Allaah hs distinguished by love and honour.

77 In One narration : “ His urine”

78 Nameemah: Conveyance of false information and mischievous misrepresentation so as to excite discord , dissension or the like

79 Saheeh Al-Bukharee , V.8 , Hadeeth # 81

80 Barazch L Lit. a barrier , partition , or separation) The period between death and the Resurrection. {TN}

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