27- Important Lessons – Chapter 8 – Waajibaat of Salaat
From the works of Imam Abdul-‘Aziz Bin Baz Rahimahulah Ta’ala
Presented by Sheikh Saleh As-Saleh Hafithahulah Ta’ala
Bismilah, Al-Rahman Al-Raheem. Alhamdulilahi Rab Al-‘Alameen wa salla Allahu ‘ala Muhammedan wa ‘ala alahi wasahbihi wassalam.
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all that exists. I testify there is no true God worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammed is Allah’s true Slave and Messenger. May Allah’s salah and Salam be upon the Prophet, his pure family and his noble companions and those that follow on their path until the day of resurrection. May Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala make us from them. Wal-hamdulilah Rab Al-‘Alameen.
Important Lessons for the Ummah – Chapter 8: Waajibat (Obligations) of Salat
First let us define the term wajib. The wajib in salat is that action or saying which if dropped due to forgetfulness can be compensated by performing the sujuud as-sahw (prostration of forgetfulness). However, if the wajib is dropped intentionally, then there is no compensation for it.
The obligations of Salat are 8 and they are:
1) All of the Takbeerat other than the Takbeerat Al-Ihram because Takbeerat Al-Ihram is a rukn (pillar).
This is based upon the hadith of Abdullah Bin Mas’ud radi Allahu Ta’ala ‘anhu who described the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam making the takbeer in every movement going down, every lifting, every standing upright, and in every qu’ud (city).
These takbeerat are also known as Takbeerat Al-Intiqal – movement from one position to the next.
The Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam said: If the Imam makes takbeer then you do the same.
The Prophet ‘alayhi salaatu wassalam continued to make the takbeer in all of his prayers.
2) Saying: Sami Allahu Liman Hamada – this is for the Imam and for the one who prays alone to say after lifting from ruku’. There is an opinion that it is also for the ma’mum (the led)
The Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam would say that as in the hadith of Abu Hurreira radi Allahu ta’ala ‘anhu collected in Bukhari and Muslim who narrated that the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam said:
And if the Imam says sami Allahu liman Hamada then say rabbana laka wal hamd.
3) Saying: Rabbana wa Laka Al-Hamd – and this is for everyone whether it is the Imam, the Ma’mum, or the one praying alone.
This is due to the hadith of Abu Hurreira radi Allahu ta’ala ‘anhu who narrated that the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam said:
And if the Imam says sami Allahu liman Hamada then say Allahumma rabbana wa Laka al-Hamd. And if your saying meets the saying of the Imam then your past sins will be forgiven.
What is the meaning of Sami Allahu liman Hamidah?
It means: Allah has certainly heard him who praises Him (Allah ta’ala).
What does Rabbana wa Laka Al-Hamd mean?
It means: And to You our Rabb the praise is due.
4) Saying: Subhana Rabbi Al-‘Atheem in Ruku’
What does Subhaanah Rabbi Al-‘Atheem mean?
It means: far removed from every imperfection is my Rabb the Great.
This is based on the hadith of Huthaifah radi Allahu ta’ala ‘anhu who said:
I prayed with the Messenger sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam and he used to say in his ruku’ Subhana Rabbi Al-‘Atheem.
5) Saying Subhana Rabi Al-A’la in sujuud (prostration).
What does Subhana Rabi Al-A’la means?
It means: far removed from every imperfection is my Rabb the Supreme the Most-High.
This is based on the hadith of Huthaifah who said that the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam said this in his sujuud.
It is affirmed from seven of the companions of the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam that he used to say in his ruku’ subhanahu Rabi Al-‘Atheem 3 times and it has also been confirmed from seven of the companions of the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam that he used to say in his sujuud Subhana Rabi Al-A’la 3 times.
6) The recitation of Rabi Aghfirli (my Rabb forgive me) between the 2 prostrations.
This is based on the hadith of Huthaifah which is reported in An-Nasa’ee and Ibn Majah that he sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam used to say Rabi Aghfirli, Rabi Aghfirli, Rabi Aghfirli between the prostrations.
7) At-Tashahhud Al-Awal – the recitation of the first tashahhud.
This is taken from the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam who used to recite after every 2 rak’aa the tahiyya, and in his saying when you sit after every 2 rak’aa then recite at-Tahiyaat (Related in An-Nasa’ee and Ahmed).
8) Al-Julusu Lahu – sitting for the first tashahhud.
This is because the Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam commanded the person who did not perform his salat properly to do so.
The Prophet sallah Allahu ‘alayhi wassalam used to sit in the tashahhud after finishing the second rak’aa as reported in An-Nasa’ee with a good chain of narration.
taken from understand-islam.net