All praises are for Allah and may the prayer and the peace be on the Messenger of Allah, his family, his companions, and those who follow them in righteousness To proceed:
These are a compilation of questions that we wish to present to the Virtuous Scholar Abi Abdir Rahman Yahya bin ‘Ali Al-Hajoori, may Allah the Most High give him success, for the purpose of spreading amongst the Salafiyeen amongst us here in Kuwait.
What do you say in regards to the statement “Hizbiyyah (bigoted partisanship, unjust biasness in the religion of Al-Islaam) isn’t a disbelieving innovation (one that takes a person out of the fold of Al-Islaam) nor an immoral innovation (one that makes a person a major sinner but he remains Muslim), rather it is a sinful mistake and everyone has mistakes with them?
All praises belong to Allah and may the prayer and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family, his companions, and whoever follows his Guidance.To proceed
This statement is incorrect. From Hizbiyyah is that which is disbelief and that which is a corrupt innovation (بدعة, that which is a major sin). For example, the group Ba’thi Socialist party (the party that Saddaam Hussein belonged to) the origin of them is that they are from الإشتراكي (the socialist party). From their sayings are; “Don’t ask me about my religion or my ideology. I’m a Ba’thi Socialist Arab and I do not allow the asking of my way …” And so on, to the end of what they say. This is what is known from their atheism, disbelief and them being far away from Allah the Most High. So, the origin is the Socialist Party (communists) is disbelief (الكفر).
There are details connected to this issue for the one who is imperceptive (ignorant of their reality) and doesn’t know anything else (whether he is a disbeliever or not). So a Ba’thi and other than them are from the groups of disbelief and atheism (الإلحاد). Therefore this statement (Hizbiyyah isn’t a disbelieving innovation nor an immoral innovation rather it is a sinful mistake and everyone has mistakes with them) is not correct.
As for the second category, immoral innovated partisanship (الحزبية المفسقة), it is an innovation that which causes one to be a major sinner. It is Hizbiyyah inside the ranks of the Muslims (i.e. its companions are still Muslims) the likes of the Muslim Brotherhood (الإخوان المسلمون) or other than them from the groups (أحزاب) that are joined as a branch from it. Allah The Mighty and The Majestic said:
وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ ﴿31﴾ مِنَ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ ﴿32﴾ 3\
“And be not of the Polytheists, those who split up in their religion and became sects (by inventing new affairs in the religion and following their vain desires). Every sect rejoicing in that which is with them.”
Al-Rum: 31, 32
The point of the Ayah is division. So how could dividing and splitting into sects not be innovation, being astray, sin, and deviation?!
Allah The Most High says:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُواْ دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُواْ شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُواْ يَفْعَلُونَ
“Verily those that divided in the religion and separated into groups you have nothing to do with them. Verily there affair is with Allah. Then He will inform them of what they used to do.” Al-Ana’am: 159
And also Allah The Most High says:
وَاعْتَصِمُوا بِحَبْلِ اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلَا تَفَرَّقُوا وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُم
“And hold on to the rope of Allah all together and be not divided and remember the blessing that Allah has bestowed upon you.”
Aali Imraan: 103
So verily, Hizbiyyah, opposes the favor of Allah and shows ingratitude to the blessing (نعمة) that which Allah wanted to gather the Muslims together upon and He ordered with الإعتصام (holding on strong) in order actualize it.
Allah The Most High said:
وَاذْكُرُوا نِعْمَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنْتُمْ أَعْدَاءً فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُمْ بِنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَانًا
“And remember the favor of Allah upon you when you all were enemies one to another and he brought your hearts together and you all became brothers by his bounty.”
Aali Imraan: 103
Bringing the hearts together is based upon the truth and the Sunnah. While that which comes from Hizbiyyah is division, rancor, hatred, animosity, fighting and hindering cooperation upon piety and righteousness. This statement (from the aforementioned question) is not built upon evidence and proof but rather the proofs from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah go against it. The likes of what we have already mentioned and other than it are numerous in this topic.
Like the saying of Allah The Mighty and The Majestic;
إِنَّ هَذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَأَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُونِ
“And verily this is you’re nation, one nation. And I am your Lord. So, worship me (alone).” Al-Anbiyaa: 92
One nation, and the reality of the hizbees is they say this deen (الإسلام) is nations not one nation (by their actions). Nevertheless, this statement is far from the truth. The proofs eradicate this false speech. It totally disagrees with the Qur’aan, the Sunnah and the foundations of the Salaf in general and in detail.