Question 2 From the brother in Kuwait to Shaykh Yahya Al-Hajoree

2nd question:

It is no secret to you all (may Allah preserve you) that the Salaf (may Allah be pleased with them) went step by step in the means to know the status of an individual (whether to take from them or not and were their statements truthful). From their means was to examine or test the individual. However, now there has appeared one who says the examining of an individual (of his Deen) is an innovation.

Answer:

This is not correct in totality. Testing or examining with falsehood is false. Also testing with the people of falsehood is false. As for the people asking about the truth and its people (requesting and waiting for the attainment of it), then verily this is a praiseworthy matter. Salmaan Al-Faarasi (may Allah be pleased with him)waited a long time until he attained the truth after searching for it and taking the means to seek it. From the Qur’aan Allah The Mighty and The Majestic said:

فَامْتَحِنُوهُنَّ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِإِيمَانِهِنّ

“So test those women, Allah is most knowledgeable of their belief.”

Al-Mumtahinah : 10

Meaning, examine them.

And Allah The Most High says in His Book:

)قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ(

Say (O Muhammad): “If you (really) love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins.”

Aali Imraan : 31

The people of knowledge consider this verse a test for the one who claims he loves Allah. So Allah tests them with it (i.e. the following the Messenger may the peace and blessings be upon him ). So whoever loves Allah, he will then follow the Messenger (may the peace and blessings be upon him) and if he doesn’t follow him (with all his rights), then his claim is false. In Bukhaari and Muslim is a narration that the Prophet (may the peace and blessings be upon him) said “No one loves the Ansaar except for a believer, and no one hates them except for a hypocrite. So whoever loves them (The Ansaar) Allah loves them and whoever hates them Allah hates them.” And in another wording “the sign of a hypocrite is hating the Ansaar and the sign of a believer is loving them.” So this is a test for whoever loves the Companions (الصحابة)(may Allah be pleased with them). Allah The Most High says in his book:

)لِلْفُقَرَاءِ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ الَّذِينَ أُخْرِجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ وَأَمْوَالِهِمْ يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا وَيَنْصُرُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ أُولَئِكَ هُمُ الصَّادِقُونَ(

“And for the poor emigrants, who were expelled from their homes and their property, seeking the bounties from Allah and to please Him. And helping Allah (i.e. helping His religion) and His Messenger, such are indeed the truthful.” Soorah Al-Hashr: 8

So whoever loves the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) (individually or all of them together), it in it’s self is a proof that he has good with him and it is a sign that he has faith (الإيمان) (these being from the signs of loving the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them). And whosoever shows hatred towards them, verily this shows his hypocrisy.

Due to this, the Rawaafidh (an extreme sect of the Shia’) are considered to be hypocrites (imposters) and because of this meaning they have been named hypocrites and atheists.

Ali bin Abi Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him) said “By the one who splits the seed to grow and who releases (creates) the breath of life, verily the covenant of the Messenger of Allah (may the peace and blessings be upon him) to me is that no one loves me except a believer, and no one hates me except a hypocrite.” The Prophet (may the peace and blessings be upon him) supplicated to Allah for Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) saying“Oh Allah make him beloved to every believer” and Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said “So there wasn’t anyone who knew me from the believers except he loved me.” Also understood from this is the hypocrites hate him (Abu Hurayrah may Allah be pleased with him).

Allah The Most High says:

)إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَيَجْعَلُ لَهُمُ الرَّحْمَنُ وُدًّا

“Verily, those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, the Most Merciful will bestow love for them.” Soorah Maryam : 96

These are thefoundations of examining people. Whoever loves them (the Companions may Allah be pleased with them) Allah loves him, and he is a believer and so on. Connected to this is what you will find in the Explanation of the Sunnah (شرح السنةللبربهاري) by the Imam Al-Barbahaari (his name is Abu Muhammad Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali bin Khalf Al-Barbahaari) and other then him saying “If you see a man loving Sufyaan Ath-Thawri , Sufyaan ibn Uyainah, Al-Awzaa’ee, Hammad ibn Salamah and so on, know that verily he is a Sunni. And if you see a man hating Zaid ibn Qudaamah, Sufyaan Ath-Thawri and so on from Ahlus-Sunnah, then know verily he is an innovator(مبتدع).”

This affair has been conveyed numerously in the books of Hadeeth in it’s immense quantity. For example, the book Explanation of the Foundations of the Belief of the people of the Sunnah by Imaam Al-Laalikaa’i (his name is Abul Qaasim Hibatullah ibn Al-Hasan ibn Mansoor At-Tabari Ar-Raazi Ash-Shaafi’ee Al-Laalikaa’i) and the Explanation of the Sunnah of Imaam Al-Barbahaari aforementioned and the book the Nobility of the Companions of Hadeeth by Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadi (his name is Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn ‘Ali ibn Thaabit Al-Baghdaadi), may Allah have mercy on all of them, and other than that (from the books of the salaf).

It has already been affirmed from Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) that he said “Don’t sit with the people of desires for verily their sittings cause a disease (in the heart).” The likes of this statement encourage fleeing away from sitting with and loving the people of falsehood, because the one who sits with them resembles them (in there misguidance) and he is like the case of sitting with the wicked companion as it comes in the hadeeth of the Prophet (may the peace and blessings be upon him) about the seller of musk and the blacksmith (the sitting with righteous companion and the wicked companion).

And know loving the righteous is obligatory! The Prophet (may the peace and blessings be upon him) said “None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself”. Loving the people of falsehood is not permissible. Allah The Mighty and The Majestic said:

لَا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ

“You won’t find a people that believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving one who has animosity, enmity towards Allah and His Messenger…” Al-Mujaadilah: 22.

This is what is befitting to the people. How can one attain love for the righteous, befriend them, sit and benefit with them, except by looking into them, asking about them and testing them to see who loves them (the believers upon the right way, like the aforementioned ahaadith of loving the sahaabah) and encourages the people to be with them. This is how it is. And some say (a poem from Abdullah bin Mubaarik):

Oh student of knowledge – Go to Hammaad ibn Zayd

And seek knowledge from him – Then tie it down strongly

Not like Jahm and Kathoor – And not like ‘Amr bin ‘Ubayd

So it (examining) has an origin. Some of the students of knowledge have previously authored a treatise on this subject and have filled it with various quotes from the Salaf. From them is what we mentioned a well known and authentic statement of Ibn Seereen. He said: “They didn’t use to ask about the chain of narration until the fitnah came. Then after the fitnah came they said name for us your men. So let him look towards the people of the Sunnah and take from them. And look towards the people of innovation and do not take from them.” All of this is from the chapter of questioning and naming men. What is the condition of so and so (in his religion)? As it comes in the book

علل ابن رجب شرح علل الترمذي لابن رجب

“Who is more beloved to you? So and so? He said so and so is more beloved to me. What is the status of so and so? He said so and so is equal to an onion. And they use to say, ‘what is the condition of Abdullah ibn Muharrar? He would say if I was given the choice in the past to enter the Jannah before I see him, I would have chosen to see him then enter the Jannah. Then after seeing him, he wasn’t equal to manure with me.” And they would say, “what is the condition of Sufyaan ath-Thawrey?” He would say “he is a mountain, he is the Imaam of the dunyaa, he is like this and that.”


And where will you find all of this? All of it … oh my brother, it is in Majmoo’ Al-Fataawa Sheikh Al-Islaam ibn Taymeeyah (Vol. 15 pg. 329) “And the believer is in need of examining when he wants to accompany someone. And when he wants to get married or find marriage for someone else.”

فَامْتَحِنُوهُنَّ اللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِإِيمَانِهِنّ

“So test those women, Allah is most knowledgeable of their belief.”

Al-Mumtahinah : 10

And he mentions a number of proofs under this (look to the answer of question six). So if a man wants to marry a woman, he needs to ask and examine her and ask of her religion and manners and the likes. All of that is from examining, until he reaches what he wants and courts her and then marries her. So therefore in the Deen of Al-Islaam, it is an even more dire need.

 

http://aloloom.net/show_book.php?id=385

 

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